There are many styles or methodologies when it comes to timber framing. Though trained in several styles, the one I seem to gravitate to is something called snapline square rule framing. Occasionally one method or other of scribing is necessary. In all cases, the idea is to create structural stability by way of wood members overlapping or passing through other wood members using various long established joints to carry building loads. Traditional frames generally have no metal fasteners. Over long periods of time this is to their benefit.
While living in Alaska I had the opportunity to build and work on a number of log cabins. I decided to include this project from that era as an example of wood joinery made with hand tools before any formal joinery training. Just a couple of country carpenters.